Nevertheless, Classical Pentecostals claim that their view of Spirit baptism is based on Scripture, and that this doctrine was a normative part of the experience and teaching of the New Testament church. 4:13). The change of gender in John 16 to the demonstrative pronoun (eikenos) demonstrates personality when it refers to “He” all through the passage. In the context we find it further noticed in a series of participial clauses, grammatically connected with the injunction. And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit." Sinclair Ferguson – The Holy Spirit. There are new books published every month. Jesus said He would send another Comforter, which, if Christ is the first Comforter than that statement alone demonstrates the personality of mind, will and affections of another Comforter. At other times, such as the Great Awakenings under the preaching of men like Jonathan Edwards, we find curious outpourings of the Spirit on His people for the purpose of revival and sanctification. They believed the Holy Spirit was a creature that derived its life from Christ. This order of Persons is from eternity. He laid stress on the doctrine of the Holy Spirit and wrote very acceptably On Grace and Free Will. Here the Holy Spirit took the place of Christ’s physical bodily presence, and instead, was sent to fill that void spiritually. . The symbolic dove demonstrated the resting of the Spirit upon Him for the task (Isaiah 11:2). The third degree of Christ’s unction is for His exaltation. The disciple will understand that his relationship with the Holy Spirit is crucial for his superior walk in this present time. Acts 2:33 says, “Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear.” This is where the actual mission of the Comforter is stated and is sent by the Messiah from His throne room to the Church organically binding together the whole Church to the Head. For example, there are three main epochs in which the miraculous giftedness of the Spirit worked through the church for the good of the church: 1) in the days of Moses, 2) in the days of Elijah, and 2) in the days of the Messiah and his apostles. 28:19; 2 Cor. Thomas Watson (1620-1686), Twenty Motives that Christ Might Have the Love of Your Hearts - by Rev. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit (Part 1 – The Nature of the Holy Spirit) Trinity Baptist Church Discipleship Training Introduction: This study will focus upon the third person of the Godhead or Trinity. The Spirit teaches (John 14:26), guides (John 16:13), and glorifies Christ (John 16:14). Assess the implications of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Spiritual illumination of the believer is different than being carried along by the Spirit to confer a divine message. Luther says, “We have need of the Spirit of Christ, without whom all our works are worthy of condemnation.” The Reformed Confessions echo these sentiments. The contrast between one and the other mainly rests on extent the Spirit was given to the Messiah, and His actions to send the Spirit from the throne of God. Take a moment to visit Puritan Publications (click the banner below) to find the biggest selection of rare puritan works updated in modern English in both print form and in multiple electronic forms. Those regenerated are then made new creatures (2 Cor. The prophets also have a great amount to say about the Holy Spirit. Sabellius arose around AD 200 and taught that God wore three masks (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) which completely detracted from the reality of a triune God and made out of Him a single entity that deceives through personality schizophrenia. 4) His appearance under a visible form at the baptism of Christ and on the day of Pentecost proves His personality. The apostolic Epistles demonstrate an acute awareness of the person and work of the Holy Spirit. His view of Christ’s work and the application of it to the believer were defective. When the Apostles says “the Spirit was not yet given” (John 7:39) he is speaking comparatively, not absolutely, as is always the case between the Old Testament and the New Testament. But it has no power, without the Holy Ghost, to work the righteousness of God, that is, spiritual righteousness; since the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God, 1 Cor. All matters pertaining to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit should, therefore, be of special interest to us who live in this age of special privilege. And when such a time of testing was completed, Luke tells us that He returned with the power of the Spirit (Luke 4:14). Romans 7 gives Christians a glimpse into the real struggle in which every believer fights against sin. ASSEMBLIES OF GOD THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY PNEUMATOLOGY: THE DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT A PAPER SUBMITTED TO DR. JAMES RAILEY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 800/THE 532 SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY II (DIRECTED RESEARCH) BY Brian P. Roden Little Rock, AR April 2016 … This demonstrates to us that the Holy Spirit was active in the Old Testament in the work of imparting the superhuman gift of prophecy to a few, and the comforting power of the Spirit to many. Understand the nature (the deity and personality) of the Holy Spirit. 2:24; 8:3; 11:24; 36:25-27). It will consist of two parts. The Filling of the Holy Spirit: A key passage in this discussion is Ephesians 5:17-18 which reads, "Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is. 3. Oftentimes, the teaching of the Spirit surrounded discourses on living water (John 7:37-39). Then follows, I N A S ECOND D IVISION, a brief outline or sketch of the positive truth accepted by the . 13).” With other articles (3/4:10-13) they reinforce the same and condemned the doctrines of the Arminians as pestilential heresies and errors, overthrowing the Spirit’s sovereign work. The history of Presbyterianism is more but not less than a history of the interpretation of the work of the Holy Spirit. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. 9:2; 42:1; 44:3; 59:19-21; 61:1). In our electronic age, more and more people are looking to add electronic books (ePubs, mobi and PDF formats) to their library – books from the Reformers and Puritans – in order to become a “digital puritan” themselves. 1. Sproul’s The Mystery of the Holy Spirit. 8:9; Gal. 12:11). 5. The Spirit is not an impersonal “it” or simply an influence, He is the third person of the Trinity. Now the enthroned Messiah seated at the right hand of God would send the Holy Spirit. He possesses intellect (John 14:26), will (1 Corinthians 12:11) and emotions (Ephesians 4:30). Be filled with the Spirit: that they are further expected to be so animated with joy as to sing and make melody in their hearts to the Lord,—to give thanks always for all things to God and the Father in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ,—and to submit themselves one to another in the fear of God (Eph. Smeaton states, “The Holy Spirit supplied prophets and apostles, as chosen organs, with gifts which must be distinguished from ordinary grace, to give forth in human forms of speech a revelation which must be accepted as the word of God in its whole contents, and as the authoritative guide for doctrine and duty.” This would include miracles that immediately prove the truth of the doctrine and the inspiration of the messenger. Love is the principle here, and only through the power of the Spirit can there be true Christian love reflecting Christ (1 Cor.13). It should lead the Christian to, “Be filled with the Spirit (Eph. The disciple will learn to make full use of His presence day by day. At the same time, his humanity is anointed as far as the actual supplies of gifts and graces are concerned, so that He has a necessary endowment for the function of His office. He is placed in rank with the Father and the Son (such as at Christ’s baptism – Matthew 3:16), and the name of God is directly given to Him (Acts 5:3-4; cf. 11:17; 27:18; Deut 34:9; Neh. Other figures are worthy of noting who wrote extensively on the Spirit, such as Jonathan Edwards in his Religious Affections, and Charles Hodge in his Systematic Theology. As the humanity was assumed in the hypostatic union (the union between the flesh and the divinity of the Son of God) the person of Christ was anointed by the Spirit so far as the call to the office was concerned. The Spirit proceeds forever from the Father. This work on the Holy Spirit, while not the easiest read, is very helpful. The formal Christian economy following the Messiah was inaugurated at Pentecost. Trace the history of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit from the early church to the present. Their answer must have shocked him somewhat, for they replied, “We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost” (Acts 19:2). Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from A Puritan's Mind, as well as coupons and our newest books published by Puritan Publications. Gifts such as tongues (1 Cor. Arius believed that the Spirit was simply a created forced used by God. Joel 2:28 prophesies about the restoration of Israel and the outpouring of the Spirit in connection with the Messianic sending of the Spirit. The Spirit of God, who enlightens us to hear and understand God’s Word, then takes that knowledge and guides us in living it. - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Holy Feasting - by Lewis Bayly (1575-1631), How Can We Give Thanks in Everything? The Puritan movement during the 17th century was a pristine time of theological development for the application and work of the Spirit. The Spirit is not the Father and is not the Son, but distinct from both. The circular letter issued by the church of Smyrna after Polycarp’s death is of the same nature. – by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Christ - Mediator of the New Covenant for Believers - by Thomas Watson (1620-1686), Christ and God’s Eternal Purpose by Isaac Ambrose (1604-1664), Christ and His Kingdom by A.A. Hodge (1823-1886), Christ Ascended and Exalted by William S. Plumer (1802-1880), Christ Humbled Himself - by Samuel Willard (1640-1707), Christ the High Priest by Thomas Watson (1620-1686), Christ the Intercessor by Wilhelmus a Brakel (1635-1711), Christ the King by John Flavel (c. 1630-1691), Christ the Mediator - by William Whitaker (1548-1595), Christ the Mediator by William S. Plumer (1802-1880), Christ's Certain and Sudden Appearance to Judgment - by Thomas Vincent (1634-1678), Christ's Manifestation of Himself Unto Those Who Love Him - by Thomas Vincent (1634—1678), Confidence in Our Brethren - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Corporate Sanctification - by Dr. John Brown of Wamphray, Direction in Our Life - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Divine Spectacles - How Angels See Christians - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Easter: The Devil's Holiday - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, False Doctrines and False Teachers by William Plumer (1802-1880), God's Patience Abused - by Dr. Stephen Charnock (1628-1680), Have you Ever Considered the Lilies of the Field? In the Old Testament the Spirit of God is first introduced as the Creator of all things (Gen. 1:2; Job 26:13; 33:4). Thomas Brooks (1608-1680), Is Harry Potter Really Necessary? However, he says that anyone who does not have the Spirit in this way is not of Christ, or not saved. The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Holy Trinity — God the Spirit. The Spirit is given authorship of these gifts (Hebrews 2:4). The Holy Spirit indwells the believer permanently. In the third epoch of controversy there is Photius in the Latin Church (AD 867) who tried to set forth his own ideas that mimicked the Greek church and condemned the Western Church as heretical. It evidenced itself in a desire for the restoration of light, life and holiness by the Holy Spirit. When we include theology and christology along with pneumatology, we… doctrine of the Holy Spirit beyond the other resources in this issue.6 ... A helpful summary of biblical scholarship regarding the Spirit of God prior to 188 Snook 3Anyone interested in these recurring disputes about the Spirit may want to consult a collection of essays by Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant theologians, Conflicts about the Holy Spirit, ed. Owen’s masterpiece, The Work of the Holy Spirit, is one of the best treatises in print on the subject. There is one God or divine essence. In creating a definition, it would be most helpful to give the Spirit descriptive character traits based on Scripture first. They would receive even more of the Spirit in Jerusalem as they awaited a greater outpouring for their Gospel service. The Arminian movement attempted to overthrow the work of the sovereign Spirit by introducing a more refined synergism between man’s will and God’s will in salvation. The extraordinary gifts given to these men by the Holy Spirit would cease after the Church was founded upon the inspired Scripture. Between these three persons of the Godhead, there exists a natural order of subsistence and operation. Here the Spirit aids the Christian in expounding Scripture in order to apply that Scripture to the Christian’s life and further grow in the mystical union he now has with Christ (1 Cor. Some in self-assurance do not even entertain the Word of life; others do entertain it but do not take it to heart, and for that reason, after the fleeting joy of a temporary faith, they relapse; others choke the seed of the Word with the thorns of life’s cares and with the pleasures of the world and bring forth no fruits. This effusion of the Spirit made a great change on all the powers of the apostles, whether we look at the further sanctification of their heart (since they had previously been converted) or their empowerment for service. x. This does not mean the Greek Fathers were perfect in their conceptions of the Spirit theologically – far from it. 4. During this time, the Spirit was seen as proceeding from the Father and the Son. Here is a summary of the sermon: Today, we will look at Pneumatology, the study of the Holy Spirit, to understand it deeply through 1 Corinthians 12:1-11. - by Zacharias Ursinus (1534-1583), Where Did the Bible Come From? He spoke in a manner that human beings would understand the divine message. The orthodox on this motion preaches that the Holy Spirit is Divine and so the Son is non Divine of Vice Versa. The Holy Spirit joins together every regenerated member of the Church to the Head to create a complete body. THE DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE CAPPADOCIAN FATHERS T HE Council of the ‘318’ fathers at Nicaea defined their belief in the Holy Spirit as simply that: Καὶ εἰς τὸ ἅγιον πνεῦμα. 9:20; Isa 63:11-14). When He offered Himself upon the cross as an oblation, He did this through the power of the Spirit. this philosophy failed to pull attending specially the formal definition of the tenet. In this way we can extract a definition instead of creating one to overlay what men believe “person” should mean. The grand security for the perseverance of the saints is the leading of the Spirit. He is intelligent, has a will, power and wisdom that He acts upon. 1:13). It is by the scope and extent of the outpouring of the Spirit that marks the difference. This mediaeval mysticism was a reaction against the formal, worldly and scan­dalous nature of the Roman Church. He defines what it is to be in the Spirit, or to be sanctified, that is, to have the Spirit of God dwelling in us. The same is applied to all the individuals since in the kernel of the truth, to be true is one and the same as to be, and to be is one and the same as to be great. The Spirit is also the Christian’s seal and earnest (Eph. The Church has a twofold function: 1) a holy society in the world maintaining a separation from the world for worship, and 2) a missionary institute with a view to propagate or extend the Gospel to them that are without (1 Peter 2:5; John 15:1-6). In the same clip, the Holy Spirit truly is, as such the Father together with the Son are non something greater than the Holy Spirit by himself because the Holy Spirit truly is. All the Gospel evangelists refer to the Spirit’s work in connection with His birth, baptism and temptation. 8:11). Throughout the greater part of church history one of the most neglected among doctrines is the biblical teaching concerning the Person and Work of the Holy Spirit. 4:13).” The same Spirit of faith in the Old Testament is the same of the New Testament. Spurgeon’s sermons provide just such a vantage point. The Holy Spirit is a personal being just as the Father and the Son. In Article 18 of the Augsburg Confession it states, “they teach that man’s will has some liberty to choose civil righteousness, and to work things subject to reason. The Western Church (of which Augustine was part) believed the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father and the Son, where the Eastern Greek Church believed He proceeded only from the Father. 3:5; 1 Cor. It is most helpful, then, to define the Spirit and arrive at the definition than to define “person” and suit the Scriptures to a man-made definition. He would not simply proceed form the Father and the Son, but he would be sent by the Messiah for the specific task of organically uniting the body of which the Messiah is the Head. 1 Doctrine of Scripture Summary God revealing himself to us means that God has communicated with us. His maxim still stands, “Lord, command what Thou will, but grant to us what Thou commandest.”. They are part of the historical narrative of the Gospels. Psalm 139:7 says, “Where can I go from Your Spirit? The degree of the Christian’s sanctification and ethics will differ according to the Spirit’s will. As it is used in Christian systematic theology, “pneumatology” refers to the study of the biblical doctrine of the Holy Spirit. 5. 2:14; Romans 8:7).” Now, men must be regenerated and endowed with the Spirit of God since they are imputed with Adam’s sin from conception and are devoid of all spiritual good. - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Jan Amos Comenius - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Job's Trials and Mercies - by William Plumer (1802-1880), Lessons for the Seeker Movement - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Living Carelessly Before the Means of Grace - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Love the Lord Jesus Christ - by Thomas Brooks (1608-1680), Matters of Conscience - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Mel Gibson’s Passion Movie - Why Modern Evangelicals Don’t Have A Problem With Nestorius - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Motives to Love Jesus by Thomas Doolittle (1630-1707), Nascars and Boils - Musing on Job's Sufferings - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, No Doctrine More Excellent than Christ by John Flavel (1630-1691), Of Christ's Offices - by Thomas Boston (1676-1732), Of the Holy Trinity - by Rev. - by Albert N. Martin, What is The Gospel? Mobile Users: Tap the title to get a description of the book, tap again to go directly to WorldCat. Cite reasons why understanding the doctrine of the Holy Spirit has been and continues to be difficult. It is important to note that the term “person” is not a biblical term and is very much capable of being twisted and turned to suit a heretical notion. Below we will use these four broad categories to outline what Wesley believed and taught about the person and work of the Holy Spirit. There is a practical point to be learned from this overview and study on the Spirit of God. A short summary of this paper. Seriously he also promises rest for their souls and eternal life to all who come to him and believe.” Head 3/4:9 states, “The fact that many who are called through the ministry of the gospel do not come and are not brought to conversion must not be blamed on the gospel, nor on Christ, who is offered through the gospel, nor on God, who calls them through the gospel and even bestows various gifts on them, but on the people themselves who are called. This follows that no 1 is truer than the other. Errors still abound on the work of the Spirit as such writings as Junckheim in Germany (of which they never recovered from his combination of Pelagianism, Arminianism, Amyraldianism and Naturalism all rolled into one), and the Schleiermacher School (which is a refined sort of Sabellianism). In the work of sanctification it is important to note the work of Christ for the Christian in comparison to the work of the Spirit in the Christian. 8:16; 1 John 3:2). ). 1:14; Rom. The Holy Spirit is not the ghost of Jesus as the old expression “the Holy Ghost” might lead one to mistakenly infer. Hebrews 9:14 states, “how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” The Son of God, moved and animated by the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot or blemish as an atoning sacrifice. Those who are illuminated and are indwelt by the Spirit are called by the Spirit (Gal 5:18; Rom. The Gifts of the Holy Spirit: The Bible is clear that the Holy Spirit gives each believer spiritual abilities and/or gifts. The disciple will understand that the Holy Spirit is a person related to the godhead—He is God. "...search the Scriptures..." (John 5:39). 1. Isaiah sets forth a vivid picture of the Spirit in numerous passages (Isa. 12:8), the gift of faith (Mark 16:18; Acts 28:5) – which is not the same as faith in believing, but the faith of miracles – the power of discerning spirits, the gifts of healing, and other gifts which were supernatural of the Holy Spirit were given to the Apostles, but sovereignly disposed by the Spirit to them in His own right for founding the church. The great fact of the incarnation of the Son in human flesh takes for granted that Christ’s manhood was immediately filled and led by the Spirit. In terms of the coming of the Messiah, the forerunner, John the Baptist, was filled with the Spirit even from his mother’s womb (Luke 1:15-17). In comparison with the numbers of people who had the Spirit on the Old Testament, and were made partakers of the Spirit, Paul makes a differentiation between the economy of the “letter” and the economy of the “Spirit” (2 Cor. The Spirit of Christ animated the prophets and indwelt them as those speaking on behalf of God (1 Peter 1:11). Fred Greco, The Puritan Practice of Meditation and Pondering God: Thinking Rightly Through Godly Meditation, The Puritans: All of Life to the Glory of God by C. Matthew McMahon, Westminster Standards - 1647 Westminster Confession of Faith. 4. The best all around introduction to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is R.C. Abraham himself, called a prophet, had the Spirit indwelling him (Gen. 20:6). 8:15) and the Spirit that dwells in us (Rom. John 16:14 states, “He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.” The Son is eternally generated from the Father, and hears what the Father commands and speaks. From AD 157-171 the Montanists arose in Mysia, who believed in the continued supernatural gifting of the Holy Spirit upon believers. He attempted to combine both the Calvinistic ideas of the Spirit’s work and the Arminian ideas (or semi-Pelagian) and as a result, created Amyraldianism. The second epoch of Greek theology and encompassing the Council of Ephesus (AD 431) there are statements that the Spirit proceeds from the Father only. In the New Testament His function is poured out over the whole covenant community, and in the Old Testament He chose specific people to be more or less anointed for service. However, the doctrine of the Holy Spirit by necessity relates closely to theological convictions concerning God (theology proper) and Jesus Christ (christology). Upon this verse alone it is eminently apparent that all the saints, in any sage, were saved, filled, and walking in the Spirit in this sense or they were not of Christ in any saving sense. But grant to us what doctrine of the holy spirit summary commandest. ” Thou commandest. ” has always violently... 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