This deer lived only in Phumdi ( Heterogeneous organic waste ) as I mention Phumdi in earlier post. According to a Manipuri folklore, a legendary hero Kadeng Thangjahanba of Moirang once captured a gravid sangai from Torbung Lamjao for a gift to his beloved Tonu Laijinglembi during an animal hunting expedition. After a 220- to 240-day-long gestation period, normally a single calf is born. The sangai is endemic to Manipur state, lives in the marshy wetland of the Loktak Lake,one of the seven Ramsar sites in India. From that time onwards the place became the home of sangai.[6]. It is a subspecies of the brow-antlered deer or Eld’s deer. The animal is a medium-sized deer, with uniquely distinctive antlers, measuring 100 -110 cm in length with extremely long brow tine, which form the main beam. English [] Etymology []. It exhibits a bimodial activity pattern. Further, there were references of sangai head with crown of antlers, being decorated on the head of royal boat called Hiyang Hiren. The number of endangered deer sangai found in Manipur has increased from 204 in 2013 to 260, according to the latest census conducted in March 2016 jointly by Wildfire Wing, Forest department, State government, Manipur University and Wildfire Institute of India.[7]. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. Firstly, its habitat is steadily degenerating by reason of continuous inundation and flooding by high water caused as the result of artificial reservoir of the National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Loktak. Sangai deer is an Indian unique species RG June January 23, 2021 Wildlife , 0 Comments Indian unique Species Sangai deer species is unique to India as it is found only in Indian sub continent. The film The Return of Sangai (Manipuri film Sangai Hallakpa ) made by the Manipur Forest Department[3] is about the Sangai and Keibul Lamjao National Park. The sexes are moderately dimorphic in body size and weight. Talk of Manipur, and one of the first things to introduce the state is the sangai, other than polo, its classical dance, sports and films. The park which was initially declared as a Sanctuary in 1966 and later in 1977 it was declared as National Park through a gazette notification. Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. After feeding it takes rest. The floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park is its only natural habitat. Sangai Deer: The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. Since then, the State Government has taken serious and positive measures for the protection of this rare and endangered species. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T4265A22166803.en, http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/sangai-population-up/article8597905.ece, E-Pao.net - A Cry in the Wilderness - Salam Rajesh, https://archive.is/20041116135913/http://www.wii.gov.in/publications/newsletter/autumn2003/fromthewild.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sangai&oldid=1004429842, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 February 2021, at 15:20. Topics: Current Affairs 2016 • Environment • IUCN • Manipur • Wildlife, © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 16-31, 2021, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 1-15, 2021. Secondly, poachers are out there to trap and slay the deer at the slightest opportunity. Endemic species found only in Manipur, India. Sangai is an endemic specie of the deer found only near Loktak lake in Eastern India. It is the floating mass of vegetation formed by the accumulation of organic debris and biomass with soil. It was re–discovered in the Keibul Lamjao Park area by the environmentalist and photographer E.P.Gee, which necessitated declaring this reserve park area as a national park to protect and conserve the deer now called Eld's Deer's subspecies Brow-antlered Deer(Cervus eldi eldi) or Sangai in Manipuri language (to distinguish it from the other two sub species found in Burma and Thailand that are called Cervus … Based on a popular folk legend, the sangai is interpreted as the binding soul between humans and the nature. Sangai Deer is an endemic and endangered species of deer. About Sangai deer. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldi eldi McClelland. It is also the state animal of Manipur. An animal found only in Manipur is the Sangai. The sangai is the state animal of Manipur. The other two related species have been reported from Myanmar and Thailand. Its thickness varies from few centimeter to two meters. Its specialty is a floating garden with flora called 'Phumdi.' The area of Keibul Lamjao is spread across 40 sq km. The vegetation also provides shelter to the deer and other wildlife in the park. This signifies its name, brow-antlered deer, the forward protruding beam appears to come out from the eyebrow. Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the population of the deer to 204 in 2013 from less than 100 in 2008. Phumdi or floating meadow is the most important and unique part of the habitat of Sangai. Sangai deer at Loktak lake in Manipur. This is another potential danger to the sangai habitat. Sangai feed on a variety of water living plants, grasses, herbaceous plants, and shoots. 'Sangai' deer (Cervus eldi), which is rare in the breed, is found in the natural forest area of Keibul Lamjao. [2] Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. The brow-antlered deer or the dancing deer is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called "phumdi" in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. Identified as one of the rarest animal species in the entire world, the sangai is the apple of the eye for the people. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. [1] The result—the biomass are losing weight and getting thinner by the year. Sangai Deer is a medium-sized deer with distinctive antlers. The tail is short and rump patch is not pronounced. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. However, in 1953 six heads of the sangai were found hovering at its natural habitat. endangered Sangai deer found in Manipur has increased from 204 in 2013 to 260, according to the census conducted in March 2016 jointly by Wildlife Wing, Forest department, State government, Manipur University and Wildlife Institute of India [5]. A member of a subspecies of brown-antlered deer found in Manipur in India. The deer feed on several types of vegetation that grow on the phumdi. The park covers an area of 40 km² and the home range of the deer in the park is confined to 15–20 km². Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldi eldi. The height and weight of the female are shorter and less as compared to the male counterpart. The beams are unbranched initially whereas curvature increases as length increases and they get forked also. It is also known as the Eld’s deer or the bow antlered deer or thamin. They have a reddish brown to gray colored coat, dark brownish black nose, lips and mouth. During day time it rests under thick and tall reeds and grasses. Sangai is Schedule – I animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN. Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake. Jump to navigation Jump to search. It is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called “phumdi” in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake. Sangai is the state animal of Manipur and has been listed as an endangered species by the IUCN. 2. Phumdi is the most important and unique part of the habitat. They feed on the Phumdis. In the sangai, therefore, humans find a way of expressing their love for the nature. South of Loktak Lake (a Ramsar site) in Moirang district lies the only known sanctuary for this deer, the Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP). Pumlen Pat was chosen for translocation as it is also a floating biomass (phumdi) and comprises of small hillocks which will provide natural habitat for this deer species. Wildlife found in Manipur. There are reports of local people cutting up the phumdi into sizable pieces and then towing away these with dugout canoe for 'selling' to fish culture owners. However, as fate would have it, he found his beloved married to the king on his return. The number of deer listed in the Red Data Book was only 14 in 1975. In the lean season, when the water level reduces, the biomass come into contact with the lake bed and they secure the required nutrient from there. The life-cycle of the phumdi involves floating on the water surface during season of high water as in the monsoons. Sangai starts grazing usually early morning approximately 4:30 am and generally continue up to 8:00 am. The brow-antlered deer is a medium-sized deer, with uniquely distinctive antlers, measuring 100–110 cm. On cloudy morning the period may extend to 10:00 am. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Cervus eldi eldi McClelland. By nature, the deer, particularly the males, even when running for its life stops occasionally and looks back as if he is waiting for someone and hence the name. Socially, the sangai is the symbol of a prized possession of the state. This is the largest fresh water lake in Eastern India, one of seven Ramsar sites of international importance. The Sangai, in English name as Brow-altlered deer, scientific name : Rucervus eldii eldii is an endangered sub species which is found only in Manipur, Northeast India. Around January last week in 1999, it was reported that a large chunk of the biomass in the northern part of National Park had broken up into pieces and had drifted freely from the park area. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. Sangai also called as brow antlered deer is endemic and endangered species of deer, found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park of Manipur. The National Park is a wetland located in the southern part of Lake Loktak. Rutting takes place in the early spring months between February and May. In the evening it starts at 3:00 pm and continue up to 6:00 pm. What is happening now, according to local scientists who are studying the phenomena, is that with continuous high water in the lake throughout the year much of this process of 'feeding' on the nutrient in the lakebed had discontinued. When the rains come again and they become afloat, the biomass have enough 'food'—the nutrients—stored in their roots and their life continues. The young are weaned at 7 months of age, and becomes sexually mature from 18 months of age onwards. Sangai deer Sangai (the brow-antlered deer) is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur ( Keibul Lamjao National Park ) It is largely seen over the floating biomass, locally called “ phumdi ” in the South Eastern part of Loktak Lake inside the park. The young are spotted at birth; these spots fade as the animal grows. The deer epitomizes grace, rarity and quality. [1] Its original natural habitat is the floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park, located in the southern parts of the Loktak Lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in eastern India. The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. Manipur State Forest Department has decided to translocate a section of critically endangered species of Brow Antlered (Sangai) deer with an aim to save it from extinction. It is only floating national park in the world. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The Sangai deer is found only in Manipur’s floating Keibul Lamjao National Park at the Loktak Lake. Sangai Deer: Importance of Conservation • Manipur’s Sangai or Eld deer is named after Lieutenant Percy Eld a British officer in 1844 • It was first discovered in Manipur in 1839 • It was reported as extinct in 1951; however, it was discovered in KNLP park by environmentalist and photographer E. P Gee It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The Keibul Lamjao park is a marshy wetland located at the south parts of the Loktak Lake. A maximum high water level of 168.5 meters (553 ft) above mean sea level (MSL)is maintained in the Loktak Lake to feed the reservoir for the hydel project. The sangai faces a two-pronged danger to its life. Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the … The Sangai or the dancing deer is found naturally only on the floating biomass of the Keibul Lamjao National Park. At night some of them even rest on the hillocks. In another folklore of Manipur, a prince called Pudangkoi of Luwang clan had, by the grace of a divine entity, transformed himself into a deer which has later on called sangai. in length with extremely long brow tine, which form the main beam. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. . The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. On this floating biomass, the Sangai are often found. Our collections includes Women's wear, Kauna Hand Bags, Black Pottery Products, Tribal Shawl, Home Furnishing and Women's Accessories. Saving the hog deer will help in conservation of sangai deer as well because both the species are sympatric.” It is largely seen over the floating biomass, locally called “phumdi” in the South Eastern part of Loktak Lake inside the park. An annual affair, the Manipur Sangai Festival is celebrated from November 21 to 30. P. e. thamin: The Burmese brow-antlered deer found in Myanmar, and westernmost Thailand. The slaying of the sangai, an unpardonable sin, is conceived as the rude breaking up of the cordial relationship between humans and the nature. The high water level, maintained continuously through the year, had disturbed the natural life cycle of the vegetation growth, the phumdi, upon which the sangai thrives. After the declaration of the area as a national park and with strict conservation measures taken up by the Forest Department, the fear of its extinction has been greatly reduced. It floats with 4/5 part under water.[4]. Culturally, the sangai finds itself imbedded deep into the legends and folklore of the Manipuris. Panolia eldii eldi: The Manipuri brow-antlered deer is found in Manipur, India. We have been providing you the best and ancients method of traditional products with the lowest price in the online shopping market. Phumdi is the most important and unique part of Sangai’s habitat. Sangai/Brow-Antlered Deer – Only Eld’s Deer in India The state animal of Manipur, Sangai is rare and endangered brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur. In 1977, it was declared a 'National Park.' It is believed that the name sangai (sa "animal" and ngai "in awaiting") was coined from its peculiar posture and behaviour while running. The park covers an area of 40 km2 and the home range of the deer in the park is confined to 15–20 km2. This is the story of Sangai, a critically endangered brow-antlered deer found in Manipur in a tiny speck of land, mostly grasslands locally called phumdi that float on water. When humans love and respect the sangai, it is respecting nature. Its IUCN status: Endangered. The height and weight of a fully grown stag may be approximately 115–125 cm at shoulder and 95 to 110 kg (210 to 230 lb) respectively. This was a bad sign for the sangai habitat. The Sangai, scientifically the Rucervus eldii eldii, is found only in Manipur. It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The deer is endemic to Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP) will be translocated to Pumlen Pat which is close existing habitat to Loktak. It is a shy animal that is hardly visible outside this habitat. It is also the state animal of Manipur. The length of the body from the base to the ear up to the tail is about 145 to 155 cm in both sexes. The sangai has a maximum lifespan in the wild of around 10 years.[5]. Feeding behavior of sangai can be easily seen over new shoots on freshly cut fire line area. The two tines form a continuous curve at right angles to the closely set pedicels. It is located between 24°27’ N and 24°31’ N latitude and 93°53’ E and 93°55’ E longitudes. Zizania latifolia, Saccharum munja, S. bengalensis, Erianthus procerus, E. ravernnae, etc. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldii eldii [1] McClelland. [2] Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. This deer is also known as brow antlered deer. It spelled out very clearly that the beginning of the end of the sangai habitat had begun. 204 brow-antlered deer found in Manipur 28 Jun, 2013, 04.16 PM IST The number of the endangered brow-antlered deer stands at 204 in its lone habitat in Manipur's Keibul Lamjao National Park. It is called sangai in Meitei. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. In India, the animal was thought to … It meant humans are now aiding the process of annihilating the habitat area, supplementing to the rapid degeneration of the habitat. Mammalian Fauna: Many of the species of animals found in Manipur are endemic, foremost among them being the Sangai or the Brow Antlered Deer, Cervus Eldi Eldi, which in its unique Wetland ecosystem is restricted to Manipur only. are the favorite food plants of sangai. The heartbroken hero released the deer free in the wild of Keibul Lamjao. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao which is about 45 km from Imphal. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. The brow-antlered deer found only near Loktak Lake S. bengalensis, Erianthus procerus, e. ravernnae etc. Young are spotted at birth ; these spots sangai deer found in as the Eld ’ s Keibul. Hand Bags, black Pottery products, Tribal Shawl, home Furnishing and Women 's.! 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